Persian Santur Santoor Instrument

Persian Santur Instrument | ShopiPersia

Santour is a stringed instrument of Iranian music that is trapezoidal in shape and has many strings and is played with two wooden hammers known as Mezrab. The most common type of Santur or Santoor (9 Kharak) has 72 strings, which are divided into 4 groups and 18 categories.

In this Post we want to speak and write about Persian Santur Instrument, one of the famous Iranian Instruments which attracts many people with its pleasant sound. This instrument has a long history in Iran and probably spread from Iran to other countries under other names, such as “Yangqin” in China, “Dulcimer” in Eastern Europe, “Butterfly” in England, in Germany and Austria are called “Scheitholt”, in India “Santoor”, in Cambodia “Phi” and in America “Zither”, which have similarities and differences.  

Santour is a completely Iranian instrument, which some attribute to Abu Nasr al-Farabi, who, like Barbat, later took another Iranian instrument abroad. Some scholars believe that the Santoor went to other Asian countries in ancient times, such as today in Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Pakistan, India, Tajikistan, China, Vietnam, Korea, Ukraine and other countries. It is also played in Central Asia and Greece. Images and engravings from the Assyrian and Babylonian periods (669 BC) show that people hung and played a trapezoid-like instrument like a Santur around their necks and played with it. It is not clear in which country the Santur was first used, but what the evidence shows is that the pre-Islamic Iranians were familiar with this instrument and called it “Konar”.

Based on documents, paintings and miniatures of centuries ago, the current dulcimer from one hundred and fifty years ago (during the Qajar period) in its current form is available to Iranian artists.

Persian Santur babylon | Persian Music Shop

Persian Santur has many fans all over the world, But for many of them, it is very difficult to find a suitable Santur with high quality Sound or a store that sells Santur and its accessories. So some questions arises in the minds of many what are the Tips For Buying A Good Santoor Instrument & Where to buy Persian Santur ????

Santoor models can vary depending on its origin, its tone or special preferences of popular makers. There are two different styles of Iranian santoor based on the bridge numbers:

  1. Nine kharak santoor has eighteen bridges, nine bridges on each side. It is the most common Iranian model and has 27 notes to play.
  2. Twelve kharak santoor is similar but it has twenty four bridges and this gives it a wider range from E’ to A’.

Flowers on the box:

There are two flower-shaped holes on the Santoor, called the Santur flowers. The reason for the presence of these flowers, in addition to its beauty, is to help create resonance inside the box, the location of which is based on the method of bridging and the manufacturer’s taste, under the yellow wires and behind the vault.

Persian Santur Santoor Instrument | ShopiPersia Music Shop

Plate and floor thickness:

Many professional musicians believe that the layout of the bridge is not the only important factor in adjusting the sound of the instrument, but the thickness of the top and the floor play a very important role in the quality of the sound of the instrument. Of course, in the meantime, the thickness of the page is more important. Depending on the type of wood and its drying rate, the thickness of the floor can be adjusted between 7 to 9 mm and the plate between 5.5 to 7.5 mm. Which, of course, requires the same experience and expertise.

Simrad or Shitanak:

There is a protrusion on the two sides of the dulcimer trapezoid, on which there are two steel rods with a diameter of about 2 mm, which is called the Simrad or Shitanak. The Santoor Strings are placed on it. The height of the naughty one is very important because it changes the pressure of the strings on the Kharak, which will ultimately affect the sound of the instrument.

Where to Buying A Good Santoor


The answer to this question is simple. An Online Persian music Shop is the best choice
But which Online music Shop can you trust or which website offers a variety of products at reasonable prices?  

Persian music shop -Santur Santoor - Persian Instrument | ShopiPersia

Of course, ShopiPersia !!!! Yes ShopiPersia is the best Online Persian Music shop that you can find lot of Persian Instruments such as Santur with a reasonable prices. ShopiPersia is the Biggest Online Persian Music Shop and offer free shipping inside of Europe & UK and ship to worldwide with low cost. ShopiPersia located in Iran and all products are completely made in Iran and will be sent directly to your door with the lowest shipping cost.


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